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<h1>The Wage Gap For Latina Workers Is Still 54 Cents That’S Troubling.</h1>

The word Latina is the feminine form of the word Latino, and represents strictly the female population of this ethnic group. The word Latino is short for LatinoAmericano, which translates to Latin American. It was originally adopted in the US for the purpose of additional categorization of the population in the United States Census. It is important to note that Latino/a is an ethnic category, and one that encompasses various racial groups. Latinas are women of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Central American, South American, or Spanish origin.

Trainees observed demonstrations of each AMIGAS activity, participated in group discussions and role-playing activities, and practiced teaching activities to demonstrate their knowledge of the curriculum and to experience delivering the intervention in a group setting. Before developing the AMIGAS adaptation, we conducted 3 focus groups with ethnically and culturally diverse Latina women to explore the factors that increased their HIV risks. We collected ethnographic data on their beliefs related to gender and social norms and sexual communication, as well as their knowledge and misconceptions concerning HIV. Information obtained from the focus groups, Latina HIV prevention workers, community representatives, and a review of the literature highlighted the importance of making the intervention culturally congruent. We used a published adaptation framework (ADAPT-ITT)20 to guide a systematic process of selecting and then adapting SiSTA, an HIV risk reduction intervention for young African American women that is widely disseminated with CDC support,21 for use with Latina women.

The largest explained causes of the white-men-to-Hispanic-women gap include the segregation of Hispanic women into lower-paying occupations and lower-paying industries and the disparity in access to education and skills training for many Hispanic women . Today is Latina Equal Pay Day, the day in 2018 when Hispanic women in the United States have to work to earn as much as white men in the United States earned in 2017 alone. Jennifer Lopez went from anonymous background dancer to international superstar.

In violation of immigration law, the federal government allowed state and local governments to unilaterally deport citizens without due process. An estimated 85% of those ethnically cleansed were United States citizens, with 60% being birthright citizens. The remaining population became more homogeneous and politically active during the New Deal — which largely excluded Mexican Americans — and the World War II era, which brought about the guest-worker Bracero Program. There are also populations of predominantly of African descent as well as populations of American Indian descent as well as those with intermixed ancestries. Cubans are mostly of White Latin American ancestry, however there are also populations of Blacks and multi-racials as well.

AMIGAS was delivered by Latina health educators to a diverse, predominantly immigrant population of Latina women in the Miami metropolitan area. Peer Leaders learn to design and implement a “learning project” that meets a need they see in their community.

The etymology of the term Chicano is not definitive and has been debated by historians, scholars, and activists. Although there has been controversy over the origins of Chicano, community conscience reportedly remains strong among those who claim the identity. After a decade of Hispanic dominance, Chicana/o student activism amidst the early 1990s recession and the anti-Gulf War movement provoked a revival of Chicana/o identity and a demand for the expansion of Chicana/o studies programs. Chicanas, rather than Chicanos, were now largely at the forefront of Chicana/o activist movements and were critical in elevating Chicana/o identity.

It comes as no surprise to most that there’s a sustained pay gap between men and women in the American work force, but today we look beyond the gap between just men and women and instead recognize how race and ethnicity impacts this divide. Today, Latinas are paid only 54 cents compared to a White, non-Hispanic man’s one dollar for completing similar work. For Black women the gap is 63 cents, and for Native American women it’s 58 cents. Ready to Run® is a national network of non-partisan campaign training programs committed to electing more women to public office. Yes, this scenario has reared its ugly head previously when another white woman, Rachel Dolezal, who was a white race activist who claimed to be a Black woman.

Screening mammograms are the leading method of identifying early breast cancer. According to a National Cancer Society Survey, only 61 percent of Hispanic/Latina women over age 40 reported having a screening mammogram in the two years prior to the survey, compared to 65 percent of white women. If you are a Hispanic/Latina woman, understanding the signs of breast cancer and how breast cancer affects those with your background could help save your life. There are limited studies about breast cancer in Hispanic/Latina women, but that is beginning to change, and more information about breast cancer in this population is becoming available.

Thurston WE, Vissandjée B. An ecological model for understanding culture as a determinant of women’s health. Findings from this cross-sectional study should be interpreted in light of several limitations. First, although participant recruitment involved many local venues, we did not collect data identifying the recruitment sites in which participants learned about the study. Thus, potential differences in participants’ attributions could not be explored based on recruitment site. Census Bureau data (U.S. Census Bureau, 2008), Latinos as a group constituted 61.7% of the county’s total population.

As one of the only two specifically designated categories of ethnicity in the United States (the other being “Not Hispanic or Latino”), Hispanics form a pan-ethnicity incorporating a diversity of inter-related cultural and linguistic heritages. Most Hispanic Americans are of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Salvadoran, Dominican, Guatemalan, or Colombian origin. The predominant origin of regional Hispanic populations varies widely in different locations across the country. Because the Latina ethnicity encompasses a large variety of people, including people of various races from various countries, it is difficult to define the Latina Family experience in a simple way.

  • In the 2010s, there was a resurgence of Chicana/o/x and Xicana/o/x identity, centered on ethnic pride, Indigenous consciousness, cultural expression, defense of immigrants, and the rights of women and queer Latino people; some even referred to it as a ‘renaissance’.
  • Post-9/11, Chicana/o consciousness became increasingly transnational, informed by and expanding upon earlier traditions of anti-imperialism and Third World solidarity in the Chicano Movement.
  • After it was reclaimed, Chicano/a identity became a celebration of being non-white and non-European and worked against the state-sanctioned census categories of “Whites with Spanish Surnames,” originally promulgated on the 1950 U.S. census, and “Mexican-American,” which Chicanas/os felt encouraged assimilation into European American society.
  • Chicanos/as asserted ethnic pride during a time when Mexican assimilation into whiteness was being actively promoted by the U.S. government in order to “serve Anglo self-interest,” who tried to claim Chicano/as were white in order to deny racism against them, as noted by Ian Haney López.

Dozens of Peruvian cultures are also dispersed throughout the country beyond the Andes Mountains in the Amazon basin. Important urban centers include Iquitos, Nauta, Puerto Maldonado, Pucallpa and Yurimaguas. This region http://bosbi.org.tr/the-chronicles-of-puerto-rican-girl/ is home to numerous ethnic groups, though they do not constitute a large proportion of the total population. Examples of ethnic groups residing in eastern Peru include the Shipibo, Urarina, Cocama, and Aguaruna.

English And Spanish Language Proficiency, Nativity, And Attributions About Addiction

Census, but signifies someone who is conscious of their Native American ancestry with some European ancestry. Of all Americans who checked the box “Some Other Race”, 97 percent were Hispanic. Hispanic or Latino origin is independent of race and is termed “ethnicity” by the United States Census Bureau. The overwhelmingly majority of Latinos descend from a mixture of Spanish and Native Americans, and depending on the regions within Latin America, a significant proportion also have high to moderate or low levels of colonial era Sub-Saharan African input.

Bilingual navigators can improve communication between the surgeon and the oncologist and the woman , which helps reduce a woman’s level of anxiety. Hispanic/Latina women respond well to community-based breast cancer awareness programs, which leads to better outcomes. This is especially true when programs are led by Hispanic/Latina women, particularly survivors who can speak to the need for early detection and treatment.

A big contributing factor for the growth of the Puerto Rican community in Central Florida was Walt Disney World, who heavily recruited employees in Puerto Rico. Central Florida’s Puerto Rican population began to skyrocket starting in the early 2000s and accelerating in the 2010s, with many New Yorkers of Puerto Rican ancestry moving to Florida, joining the island-born Puerto Ricans. As of 1973, about “46.2% of the Puerto Rican migrants in East Harlem were living below the federal poverty line.” However, more affluent Puerto Rican American professionals have migrated to suburban neighborhoods on Long Island and in Westchester County, New Jersey and Connecticut. The strength of stateside Puerto Rican identity is fueled by a number of factors. These include the large circular migration between the island and the mainland United States, a long tradition of the government of Puerto Rico promoting its ties to those stateside, the continuing existence of racial-ethnic prejudice and discrimination in the United States, and high residential and school segregation.

Similarly to Spaniards, Portuguese, English, German and many other European nations over the centuries, many Latin Americans also possess colonial era New Christian Sephardic Jewish ancestry. To a lesser extent other Latin Americans possess at least partial ancestry of more recent post-colonial ancestry from Ashkenazi Jews, Levantine Arabs , as well as Chinese and Japanese among others. Thus, as a whole, Latin Americans are a multiracial population, with degrees of admixture levels that vary from person to person, from varying global genetic sources.

The study was approved by, and conducted in compliance with, the institutional review board at a large southeastern university. We also appreciate all the support from the Latina women in the program. An additional methodological limitation was that our comparison intervention also focused on HIV, rather than serving as a true placebo to guard against Hawthorne effects.

The criminalization of Chicano/a youth in the barrio remains omnipresent. Chicano/a youth who adopt “a cholo or chola culture” endure hyper-criminalization. Some youth feel they “can either comply with the demands of authority figures, and become obedient and compliant, and suffer the accompanying loss of identity and self-esteem, or, adopt a resistant stance and contest social invisibility to command respect in the public sphere.”